Creative Cities: Possibilities, Policies and Places

The event Creative Cities: Possibilities, Policies and Places connects two European development projects – Creative Cities and Second Chance – which seek solutions for city development by emphasising the role of creative and cultural industries. The Slovenian partners in the Creative Cities project are the Regional Development Agency of the Ljubljana Urban Region and the Institute for Economic Research. The partners in the Second Chance project are the City of Ljubljana and the Museum and Galleries of Ljubljana.

More on the Creative Cities project:

More on the Second Chance project:,

Conference Program

09:00 - 09:30

09:30 - 10:00

Welcoming Addresses: Ms. Majda Širca, Minister, Ministry of Culture of Republic of Slovenia; Mr. Zoran Janković, Mayor, City of Ljubljana; Ms. Lilijana Madjar, M.Sc., Director, Regional Development Agency of the Ljubljana Urban Region; Dr. Uroš Grilc, Head of Department for Culture, City of Ljubljana.

10:00 - 10:45
Lecture, Dr. Tom Fleming: Re-appraising the Creative Economy: What Next for Cities and Regions?

10:45 - 11:30
Lecture, Prof. Dr. Klaus R. Kunzmann: The Creative City Fever in Europe: Potentials and Limits of Promoting Creative Cities and Creative and Cultural Industries

11:30 - 11:45
Coffee Break

11:45 - 13:30
Round-Table and Discussion: Dr. Tom Fleming, Director, Tom Fleming Creative Consultancy; Mr. Miran Gajšek, M.Sc., Head of the Department for Urban Planning, City of Ljubljana; Dr. Pavel Gantar, Sociologist, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, and current President of National Assembly of Republic of Slovenia; Prof. Dr. Klaus R. Kunzmann, Professor emeritus, Department of Spatial Planning in Europe, Technical University Dortmund; Dr. Stojan Pelko, State Secretary, Ministry of Culture of Republic of Slovenia; Moderator: Prof. Dr. Marjan Hočevar, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana.

13:30 - 14:30


Re-appraising the Creative Economy: What Next for Cities and Regions?

dr. Tom Fleming

Dr. Tom Fleming, Ljubljana, 14 April 2011 from Second Chance on Vimeo.

Creative cities, creative clusters, creative districts, and so on: these are all concepts or approaches that have found significant currency over recent years. However, too often they are employed as aspirational tools that have as much to do with city or regional positioning as with reality ‘on the ground’. Put simply, too many places adopt an exaggerated or inaccurate emphasis on the role or value of their creative economy without developing a robust evidence base and at the expense of a genuine engagement with the distinctive assets and opportunities that exist locally.

This presentation called for a re-appraisal of the role and rhetoric of  the 'creative cities/regions' agenda and for a more nuanced, rigorous and grounded approach. This is not to dismish the significance of the creative economy. Rather, is is to re-cast it as something that plays a different role in each context - from driving the economy to playing a more subtle role  in wider social agendas. Drawing on tom Fleming's golden years' of the creative assets, and re-visited some of those neglected elements - not lest the role of a more entreprenerial and sustainable arts sector for a competitive cretive economy.

With the kind help of the British Council dr. Tom Fleming lectured ar the conference.

The Creative City Fever in Europe:

The Potentials and Limits of Promoting Creative Cities and Creative and Cultural Industries

prof. dr. Klaus R. Kunzmann

Dr. Klaus R. Kunzmann, Ljubljana, 14 April 2011 from Second Chance on Vimeo.

All over Europe, cities wish to be creative. They wish to be creative in order to profile their international image, to brand their city, to support local cultural and creative industries, to reuse derelict industrial premises for young creative industries and, above all, to promote their local cultural life. Cities combine local urban, economic and cultural policies to formulate joint strategies and to implement the ambitious projects linked to such policies. It looks like a paradigm change in urban development. To some extent, the creative city concept is in fact a change from traditional urban, economic and cultural development to a more open and integrated process, where three or, if social policies are included, even four policy areas are combined to secure local post-industrial employment and quality of life for citizens.

Certainly, creative and cultural industries are pioneers in developing new modes of work and pioneers in the process of structural urban change, ranging from the functionally divided city to the multifunctional compact city. However, not every city has the territorial and human potential to turn conditions around, to change the mindsets of local stakeholders and citizen values within short time periods. It cannot free itself from supra-local economic and political influences. And, given the limited means available for organizing related policy processes, and admitting a limited demand for cultural products and services, expectations are as a rule much too high. The creative city is very much a creative city fever, a Zeitgeist fashion, putting too much burden on local and regional cultural policies.


Tom Fleming

Tom Fleming is an adviser and strategist on cultural policy, the creative economy and arts/innovation. As director of Tom Fleming Creative Consultancy (, Tom works internationally, focusing on cultural planning, cultural industries, as well as on cultural, creativity and innovation policy in the following areas:

  • Creative Clusters and Innovation Ecosystems: maximising the economic growth of the creative and knowledge economy; linking creativity to innovation.
  • Creative City-making: positioning creativity and culture at the heart of planning, social, economic and education policy.
  • Culture, Arts, Creativity & Innovation Policy: leading thinking on new infrastructure models, fitter for purpose creative and cultural education policy, and social innovation through creative approaches.

He has developed new models and toolkits for numerous cities within Europe as well as in Africa, Brazil, China and the Middle East. Dr. Fleming is advisor to the UK Creative Economy programme, the Council of Europe, European Commission, Alliance of Civilisations, UNESCO, British Council and Nordic Council of Ministers. He is also a founding Board Member of Dialogue Café and Trustee to the charity Arts for All.

Tom has a PhD in Human and Cultural Geography and a BA with Honours in Human Geography from the University of Sheffield. Prior to setting up Tom Fleming Creative Consultancy, Tom was a founding partner of the Cultural Industries Development Agency in London and a Research Associate at the Manchester Institute of Popular Culture.

Klaus R. Kunzmann

Klaus R. Kunzmann (born 1942) studied architecture and urban planning at the Technical University of Munich and received his PhD in Planning from the Vienna University of Technology in 1971. Since 1974, he has been a Professor at the Faculty of Spatial Planning, Technical University of Dortmund and a visiting professor in numerous universities in Europe, America and East Asia.

As director of research at the Institute of Spatial Planning, University of Dortmund (1974–1993) and as chairman of the department of Spatial Planning in Europe (1993–2006), he has initiated and coordinated numerous research projects supported by national and regional governments as well as by research foundations.

As an expert in spatial planning, he has advised the European Commission, the Council of Europe and the OECD. As a member of scientific advisory boards, he has participated, among other projects, in the work of the International Building Exhibition Emscher Park and the Tourism Commission of the Ruhr.

His present research interests are on innovative urban policy and European spatial planning, on regional restructuring, on the learning region, the role of creativity and the arts for spatial and endogenouseconomic development, and, more recently, on the consequences of China’s rapid economic growth for cities and regions in Europe. He has published extensively on these areas, as well as on the future of the European city.

Since 1988, he has been continuously working in the field of creative and cultural industries. At present, he is involved in studies on creative cities in Europe for clients in Hamburg and Tokyo.


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